Biomass is an essential renewable energy source for a low carbon energy future on a global scale. Biomass resource potentials are large enough to deliver about a quarter (i.e. 200-300 EJ) of the world’s future energy supply. Bioenergy has a significant greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation potential, provided that the resources are developed sustainably and that efficient bioenergy systems are used. Certain current systems and key future options including perennial cropping systems, use of biomass residues and wastes and advanced conversion systems together deliver 80 to 90% emission reductions compared to the fossil energy baseline.
This discussion paper is based on a compilation of material from the assessment work of the IPCC-SRREN report, the book: Renewable Energy for Unleashing Sustainable Development (Colombo, Bologna, Masera, Springer 2013), the IEA Bioenergy Review and several technical papers – UNIDO, 2014
Renewable Energy for Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development : The Case of Biomass Gasification